A) Railway capital Expenditure will be 2 lakh crore till Year 2024
The Indian Railways is planning a capital expenditure of Rs 2 lakh crore annually till FY24 owing to elaborate plans of the government to upgrade railway infrastructure across the country.
Railway Board Chairman Vinod Kumar Yadav said the Indian Railways’ network capacity will be boosted to improve freight movement in the country.
The plan includes doubling of 11,000 km of track, increasing by three or four times the 3,000-km route network, 51 projects related to coal connectivity and 10 projects related to port connectivity among others.
Indian Railways is currently running more freight trains as passenger trains are suspended. Now they want to continue the same scenario once normalcy occurs.
B) 200 More Trains To start before Festive Season
200 more trains are being planned by Indian railways during the 15th October to 30th November during the festive season.
Railway Board Chairman said that Railway will start extra trains to cater to the increased passenger traffic demand in festive season.
C) Naugarh is now Siddharthanagar railway station
The Naugarh railway station will now be known as the Siddharthanagar railway station. It is located in Siddhathnagar District of Uttar Pradesh. The railway station is located on the way from Gorakhpur to Gonda in North East Railway(NER).
Railway minister Piyush Goyal inaugurated the name change of the railway station in an online event on Monday evening.
Goyal said, “Mahatma Buddha’s birth place Lumbini is very near and keeping in view the wishes of the people, the name of the station is being changed to Siddharthanagar railway station. A large number of Buddhist tourists come to Lumbini and the area is declared as a World Heritage site by UNESCO.
D) Railways restores second reservation chart system, to be issued 30 minutes before departure
The Indian Railways decided to restore the earlier system of preparation of second reservation charts from 10 October. The system was paused in the wake of novel coronavirus pandemic for the last few months.
The first reservation chart was prepared at least 4 hours before scheduled departure of train. Thereafter, the available accommodation could be booked across PRS counters as well as through internet till preparation of second reservation charts.
Second reservation charts were prepared between 30 minutes to 5 minutes before scheduled/rescheduled time of departure of trains. Cancellation of already booked tickets was also permitted during this period as per provisions of Refund Rules.
Due to pandemic, instructions were issued to shift the time of preparation of second reservation chart to 2 hours before scheduled or rescheduled time of departure of trains.
As per request of Zonal Railways for ensuring convenience of rail passengers, the matter has been examined and it has been decided that the second reservation chart shall be prepared at least 30 minutes before scheduled/rescheduled time of departure of train.
E) Railways permit cooked food at stations for the first time since Covid-19 outbreak
Indian Railways has permitted cooked food at Railway stations ahead of the festive season.
The national carrier had so far allowed the sale of only packaged food across catering and vending units at stations. Now the closed food stalls will start their normal functioning at stations.
F) Indian Railways unveils new Tejas Express locomotives, capable to run at 160 kmph
Indian Railways Electric locomotive manufacturing wing Chittaranjan Locomotive works(CLW) has designed the first batch of Tejas express locomotive capable of running at 160kmph speed.
These locomotives run with Push-Pull operations and thus air drag is reduced during running.
G) Indian Railways identifies new routes for Kisan Rail
The government has identified special seasonal trains for farmers to send fresh vegetables, fruits as well as other perishable goods to buyers across the country. Apart from vegetables and fruits, the plan also includes carrying meat and fish in refrigerated containers in the future.
Kishan Rail started first from Kolhapur and Devlali in Maharashtra to Muzafarpur in Bihar carrying onions and bananas. Another Kishan Rail started from Anantpur in Andhra Pradesh to Delhi carrying mango, tomato, banana, pomegranate, musk melon and water melon
The Kishan Rail has been proposed on various routes as below:-
- Banana and Onion Special Kisan Rail service from Nashik and Jalgaon to Delhi between the months of March and December
- Mango Special Kisan Rail service from the state of Andhra Pradesh to Delhi between April and June
- Banana Special Kisan Rail service for export from Anantpur to Mumbai’s Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust
- Sapota or Chiku Special Kisan Rail service from Valsad, Surat and Navsari in the state of Gujarat to Delhi between the months of April and November
- Protein Special Kisan Rail service for packaged meat from UP’s Dadri or Kanpur areas to Mumbai and Gujarat ports (already an established route)
H) Indian Railways develops web portal for developing freight
The Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS) team has developed a Freight Business Development (FBD) portal, which will provide users with easy to access information on managing transport logistics via railway.
The new FBD portal will enhance customer-support services by facilitating the real-time monitoring of queries and tracking freight consignments through the “GIS-based track and trace provision”. The transporter can track the status of the goods in transit by providing the FNR (freight name record) number, which is an 11-digit number printed on top-left of the railway receipt (RR).
Further, the “RailMadad” Grievance redressal portal of the Indian Railways has been integrated with the new FBD portal for dealing with the queries of prospective and existing customers and directing them to the Freight Business Units of the Divisions.
The customer can register their demand electronically from the place of their convenience through the Indian Railway’s Freight Operations Information System (FOIS) e-Demand Service.
I) Rameswaram’s new Pamban Bridge to be Indian Railways 1st vertical lift rail-sea bridge
The Pambam bridge was constructed 100 years ago and now it is being renovated with a new one. The New Pamban Bridge, which will be the country’s first Vertical Lift Railway Sea Bridge, is being developed parallel to this railway bridge.
This 2.07 km long railway bridge is being built with the help of modern technologies. According to the Railway Ministry, the beauty of the new rail bridge is that its middle part gets lifted up to let ships to pass through during travel. The New Pamban Bridge is expected to promote tourism in this region, especially for pilgrimage purpose as a large number of devotees come to visit Rameshwaram Temple and Jyotirling every year.
This new bridge is being developed by Railway Vikas Nigam Limited, a PSU of Indian Railways.
J) JSPL receives rail supplier status from Indian Railways
Jindal Steel and power Limited (JSPL) has become the first private player to achieve the status of rail supplier to Indian Railways.
Research Designs & Standards Organisation (RDSO), which works under the ambit of the Railway Board, has approved field performance of UIC 60 kg, 880 Grade prime (Class- A) rails made by JSPL at its Raigarh Plant. Normally the rails to railways were solely supplied by Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL), a PSU under GOI.
Question No-1:- Indian Railways First Vertical Bridge is being constructed at-
a) Nehru Setu Rail Bridge near Dehri-on Son in Bihar.
b) Vembanad Bridge, Kochi Kerala
c) Pambam Bridge, Rameshwaram
d) Mahanadi Rail Bridge, Odisha